History of Art

ANCIENT ART AND CIVILIZATIONS

  • Egypt, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Assyria, Rome, Greece, Persia, China, India, Pre-Columbian.

MEDIEVAL ART

  • Late Antiquity, Early Christian, Byzantine, Insular Art: Post-Roman British Isles and Ireland, Gothic, Romanesque, Islamic Art.

RENAISSANCE ART

  • Subjects, techniques, and symbolism. Types: Italian proto-Renaissance, Early Netherland, Renaissance (all regions).

ROCOCO AND BAROQUE

  • Baroque Eras: characteristics, influences, decorations and lines; Venice and Veduta; modern usage.

NEOCLASSICISM AND ROMANTICISM

  • Classical: purity of form; Neo-Classicism and the ideal Beauty; anti-Classical movements; expression of freedom, nature, emotion; composition, color, space.

MACCHIAIOLI MOVEMENT

  • Reality in art, social consciousness; illusionism, realism, naturalism,  colors, forms, light and color shades.

IMPRESSIONISM, POST-IMPRESSIONISM, AND PONTILLISM

  • Nature in impressionism; criticism; independence of art, light, color, and brushes and movement; outdoor importance; artist’s social commitment; artistic response to provocation.

SYMBOLISM AND ART NOVEAU

  • Pure forms of color; belle époque: elegance, aesthetics of objects; art  as universal legacy; form in nature.

MODERN ART – EXPRESSIONISM THROUGH FUTURISM

  • Neoexpressionism; Expressionism, Avant-Garde, absence of values, image deformation; harmony: Cubism, Surrealism and Dada, Fauvism.
  • Contemporary and modern art: Minimalism, pop-art, and Post-Modernism
  • Functionalism, Social Reality, Dissolution of Form, Kinetic Art, Op Art, “Arte Povera,” Hyperrealism.
  • New Spatial Representation