HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY
- Origin of archaeological study, ethics, pioneers in the field.
- Scientific methods; excavation and field survey; analysis of finding; traditional field and laboratory methods vs. new technology in all areas of the field including dating methods, virtual archaeology.
- Importance of archaeology in the study of humanity; theories of the discipline.
CULTURAL AREAS AND ANALYSIS
- Comparison of the physical cultures of Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East, Russia and Central Europe, Asia, the Pacific region, the Americas.
INTERPRETATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDINGS, SITE RECONSTRUCTION
- Physical remains of ancient and historic cultures; interrelationship of cultures on a worldwide basis; development, methods and benefits of experimental archaeology.
- Emphasis on historic archaeological sites with emphasis on preservation and restoration of sites important to local and/or national or international heritage.
- Organization of cultures in the present and past; customs of societies from hunter- gatherers to modern technologically-based cultures; cultural behavior and changes through time.
- Focus on experimental methods to learn techniques of manufacture and use of artifacts and structures to learn more about past societies.
- Use of scientific methods for dating, artifact analysis, application of environmental approaches to interpret artifacts and sites.
LOOTING AND PSEUDO-ARCHEOLOGY
- Detection of artifacts obtained illegally by looting archaeological sites for the purpose of selling objects found; measures to protect archaeological sites; attempts to locate and prevent selling of minerals (blood diamonds) obtained through violence.
- Artifacts from burials, habitation sites, religious offerings, battlefields, and hoards that provide cultural information unavailable elsewhere in prehistoric or historic sites. Information obtained from such artifacts includes political organization of a group, individual’s political status, what is valuable to a culture, religious practices, how the people made a living, food preparation, political conflict.
ARCHAEOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
- Evolution of humans, and cultures; cultural history.
- Respectful handling of human remains; local traditions and cultures; world, national and regional claims; illegal trade.